Spinal cord injuries occur in a variety of ways. In adults, damage to the spinal columnis usually also involved and the cord is stretched, bruised, impacted or compacted because of an external force or movement.
Age-related wear and tear on the spinal column, can cause narrowing of the intervertebral canal called stenosis. This results in pressure on the spinal cord and thespinal nerves, causing loss of function.
In children, a spinal cord injury often occurs by an over-stretching of the spinal cord.
What are the common causes of traumatic SCI?
Most traumatic SCI in Australia is caused by:
Motor vehicle accident involving either occupants or pedestrians
Sporting related accidents
Diving into shallow water
In Australia, traumatic SCI occurs in about 15 adults for each million in the population, every year. This has not changed for many years. It is expected to increase gradually in the years ahead due to…
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