Published by: 9 & 10 News
Written by: Chloe KipleJosh Monroe
Every parent is concerned and anxious to hear what’s going to happen when the new school year rolls around.
The 2020-2021 year will be unlike any other because of coronavirus concerns. While every student will be impacted by changes, it will be an especially unique situation for children with autism.
Parents like Ashley Bursian are curious to see how any changes after her son.
7-year-old Ari has autism and is nonverbal. Bursian says he thrives off his daily routine: going to school, then to behavioral therapy. The stay-at-home orders disrupted his schedule.
“After the first month, I noticed his behavior changing a little bit, he seemed a little more nervous, a little unsure, why we were stuck at home all the time,” she said. “That led to a lot more tantrums, and meltdowns, and interfering behavior.” Click here to read the rest of the story
Developmental disability is a diverse group of chronic conditions that are due to mental or physical impairments before the age of 22. A developmental disability can occur before, during or after birth. Common well-known developmental disabilities include autism, Down syndrome, cerebral palsy and Fragile X syndrome. Here are some facts and statistics on developmental disabilities.
Awareness Day: None
Awareness Month: March
- Developmental Disability is a severe, long-term disability that affect cognitive ability, physical functioning or both.
- 1 in 6 or about 15% of children aged 3 through 17 have one or more developmental disabilities.
- Between 2014 and 2016 the prevalence of developmental disability among kids ages 3 to 17 increased from 5.76 percent to 6.99 percent.
- Prevalence of autism increased 289.5%
- Prevalence of ADHD increased 33.0 %
- Males have a higher prevalence of ADHD, autism, learning disabilities, stuttering and other developmental disabilities.
- Children from families with incomes below the federal poverty level had a higher prevalence of developmental disabilities.
- 10% of Americans have a family member with an intellectual disability.
- Intellectual disabilities are 25 times more common than blindness.
- Every year 125,000 children are born with an intellectual disability
- Approximately 85% of the intellectual disability is in the mild category.
- About 10% of the intellectual disability is considered moderate
- About 3-4% of the intellectual disability population is severe.
- Only 1-2% is classified as profound.
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Did you know that Childhood Disintegrative Disorder is considered part of Autism Spectrum?
Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (CDD) is a condition where a child develops normally and achieves appropriate milestones up to the age of 4 and then begins to regress in both developmental and behavioral milestones and lose the skills they already learned. with a loss o skills plateauing around the age of 10.
Childhood Disintegrative Disorder is rare. It affects 1.7 in 100,000 and affects males at a higher rate than females. It is also known as Heller’s Syndrome and Disintegrative psychosis. The causes are unknown but may be linked to issues with the brain and nervous systems with some researchers suggesting it is some form of childhood dementia.
First discovered by Dr. Theodor Heller in 1908, Dr. Heller began publishing articles on his observation of children’s medical history in which he reported that in certain cases, children who were developing normally began to reverse at a certain age.
Signs and Symptoms
Children begin to show significant losses of earlier acquired skills in at least two of the following areas:
- Lack of play
- Loss of language or communication skills
- Loss of social skills
- Loss of bladder control
- Lack of motor skills
The following characteristics also appear:
- Social interaction
- Repetitive interests or behaviors
Due to the small number of reported cases, it is included in the broad grouping of autism spectrum disorder in DSM-V under pervasive developmental disorder (PDD). Although grouped with the autism spectrum disorder diagnosis, there are distinct differences. For example, children with CDD were more likely to be diagnosed with severe intellectual disability, epilepsy and long term impairment of behavior and cognitive functioning.
Summit Medical Group
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), approximately 6.8% of children younger than 18 years in the United States have a diagnosed eye and vision condition and 3% of children younger than 18 years are blind and visually impaired. Visual disability is one of the most prevalent disabilities disabilities among children.
According to IDEA’s definition, visual impairment is defined s including blindness means an impairment in vision that even with correction, adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The World Health Organization (WHO), classifies visual impairment as occurring when an eye condition affects the visual system and one or more of its vision includes both partial sight and blindness
The World Health Organization uses the following classification based on visual acuity in the better eye:
- 20/30 to 20/60- mild vision impairment
- 20/70 to 20/160- moderate visual impairment
- 20/200 to 20/400- severe visual impairment
- 20/500 to 20/1,000- profound visual impairment
- More than 20/1,000- considered near-total visual impairment
- No light perception- considered total visual impairment or total blindness
Types of Visual Impairment
- Strabismus– a condition when the eyes do not align with each other (crossed eyes)
- Congenital cataracts– a clouding of the eyes natural lens present a birth.
- Retinopathy of prematurity– a blinding disorder that affects prenatal infants that are born before 31 week of gestation.
- Coloboma- a condition where normal tissue in or around the eye is missing at birth.
- Cortical visual impairment– a visual impairment that occurs due to brain injury.
Signs of Visual Impairments
- Appears “clumsy” in new situation
- Shows signs of fatigue or inattentiveness
- Does not pay attention when information is on the chalkboard or reading material
- Is unable to see distant things clearly
- Eyes may appear crossed
- Complains of dizziness.
The causes of childhood blindness or visual impairment is often caused by Vitamin A deficiency which is the leading cause of preventable blindness in children. Other causes include genetics, diabetes, injury and infections such as congenital rubella syndrome and chickenpox before birth.
Cortical Visual Impairment (CVI)
Cortical Visual Impairment in children is attributed to brain dysfunction rather than issues with the eyes. Causes included hypoxia, traumatic brain injury, neonatal hypoglycemia, infections and cardiac arrest.
World Health Organization (WHO)
Published by: Tampa Bay Times
Written by: Rebecca Torrence
Tommy Steele’s first two virtual school lessons in the spring went great. His mom felt optimistic. Then Friday rolled around.
Tommy, a rising third-grader with Down syndrome, opened his brother’s Macbook on the kitchen table at 9 a.m. Peggy Steele sat beside her son to coax him through the day’s lesson: 45 minutes of reading and math, taught over Zoom.
Within minutes, Tommy slumped over the table. Forearms folded in front of him, he buried his head and fixed his gaze on the floor.
When he finally lifted his head, he refused to speak, but the message was clear.
No more learning for today.
Children with special needs face many roadblocks in their education, like trouble focusing on a task or communicating their thoughts. Special education programs are created to address those hurdles. But their solutions, which often rely on face-to-face interaction with teachers, may be lost during the coronavirus crisis as more families and school systems turn to virtual learning. Click here to read the rest of the story