Definition: According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Cerebral Palsy (CP) is a group of disorders that affect a person’s ability to move and maintain balance and posture. It is the most common motor disability in childhood. It is estimated that an average of 1 in 345 children in the U.S. have cerebral palsy
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Awareness Month- March
Awareness Day- October 6. World Cerebral Palsy Day
- Around 764,000 people in the United states have at least one symptom of cerebral palsy
- Around 10,000 babies are born each year with cerebral palsy
- Boys are diagnosed more often than girls
- Cerebral palsy is the mot commonly diagnosed childhood motor disability in the United States
- Over 77% of children with cerebral palsy have the spastic form
- More than 50% of all children with cerebral palsy can walk independently
- African American children with cerebral palsy are 1.7 times more likely to need assistance with walking or be unable to walk at all
- Around 41% of babies and children with cerebral palsy will have limited abilities in crawling, walking and running.
- Around 41% children with cerebral palsy in the United states have some form of a cognitive disorder
- Behavior problems are common in children with cerebral palsy including social skills and anger issues.
- Seizures are a common associate disorder of cerebral palsy and can range from mild to extreme severe.
- There is no known cure
Australia Facts and Statistics
- 1 in 700 Australian babies is diagnosed each year
- 1 in 2 is in chronic pain
- 1 in 2 has an intellectual disability
- 1 in 3 cannot walk
- 1 in 4 also has epilepsy
- 1 in 3 has hip displacement
- 1 in 4 cannot talk
- 1 in 4 has a behavior disorder
- 1 in 5 is tube fed
- 1 in 5 has a sleep disorder
- 1 in 10 has a severe vision impairment
- 1 in 25 has a severe hearing impairment
United Kingdom- Facts and Statistics
- The current United Kingdom incidence rate is around 1 in 400 births
- Approximately 1800 children are diagnosed with cerebral palsy each year
- There are an estimated 30,000 children with cerebral palsy in the United Kingdom
- For every 100 girls with cerebral palsy, there are 135 boys with cerebral palsy
- just under half of children with cerebral palsy were born prematurely
- One in three children with cerebral palsy is unable to walk
- One in four children with cerebral palsy cannot feed or dress themselves
- one in four children with cerebral palsy has a learning disability
- one in fifty children with cerebral palsy has a hearing impairment
Is a group of neurological disorders that affects body movement and muscle coordination.
Is caused by damage to the brain which controls movement and balance
Affects the motor area of the brain that directs muscle movement.
The symptoms of cerebral palsy differ in type and severity in each person.
Is the leading cause of childhood disabilities.
Cerebral Palsy is not progressive meaning it does not get worse overtime.
Cerebral Palsy prevalence is 3.3 children per 1000.
There is no cure for cerebral palsy
Cerebral Palsy is not contagious
Risk factors for cerebral palsy include pre-mature birth, infections during pregnancy, exposure to toxic substances and mothers with excess protein in the urine or a history of having seizures.
Cerebral Palsy can also be caused by complicated labor and delivery due to disruption of blood and oxygen to the brain(hypoxia) and babies in a breech position (feet first).Spastic cerebral palsy is the most common type affecting 80% of people with cerebral palsy.
Ataxic cerebral palsy affects balance and depth perception
There are more boys born with cerebral palsy than girls.
Stroke in a baby or child less than the age of 3 results in cerebral palsy.
One in nine with cerebral palsy have features of autism
One in three children with cerebral palsy cannot walk
One in four children with cerebral palsy cannot feed themselves
There are 17 million people with cerebral palsy worldwide.
58.2% of children with cerebral palsy can walk independently, 11.3 walk using a hand-held mobility device and 30.6% have limited or no walking ability
Speech and language disorders are common in people with cerebral palsy
Pain is common among children with cerebral palsy
Harry Jennings, an engineer built the first modern folding wheelchair
Sir William Osler wrote the first book on cerebral palsy
Dr. Sigmund Freud was the first to state that cerebral palsy might be caused by abnormal development before birth.
Cerebral palsy doesn’t necessary mean learning difficulties.
Cerebral Palsy History Timeline
1810- Dr. William John Little is credited with first identifying spastic diplegia is born.
1836- Louis Stromeyer corrects John Little’s club foot. This discovery begins a career in understanding and treating childhood impairments.
1843- Dr. William John Little begins lecturing on spastic ridgity.
1853. Dr. William John Little publishes On the Nature and Treatment of the Deformities of the Human Frame.
1861- Dr. William John Little establishes the classic definition of spastic cerebral palsy.
1889- William Osler, one of the founding professors of John Hopkins Hospital, wrote the book, Cerebral Palsies of Children
1937- Herbert A. Everest and Harry Jennings Sr., built a lightweight collapsible wheelchair.
1937- The Children’s Rehabilitation Insitute is founded by Dr. Winthrope Phelps specializing in children with cerebral palsy.
1897- Dr. Freud states cerebral palsy may be caused by fetal development
1946- Cerebral Palsy of New York State founded by parents of children with cerebral palsy.
1948- United Cerebral Palsy is incorporated.
1949- United Cerebral Palsy founded by Leonard Goldenson, his wife Isabel, Nina Eaton and Jack and Ethel Hausman.
2002- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) conducts first U.S. multi-state study on the prevalence.
- Executive Function
- Learning Disability
- Speech Impairment
Hemiplegia- The inability to move the arm and leg on one side of the body.
Diplegia-The inability to move either both arms or both legs.
Quadriplegia- A type of cerebral palsy that affects all limbs on both sides of the body
Monoplegia- A type of cerebral palsy that affects only one limb.
Types of Cerebral Palsy
Athetoid- A type of cerebral palsy in which affected muscles move involuntarily.
Ataxic- A type of cerebral palsy affecting balance and coordination.
Spastic– A type of cerebral palsy causing stiff and severely cramped muscles.
The following organizations provide resources on their websites including fact sheets, resources and information:
Cerebral Palsy Foundation
Funds cerebral palsy research in the United States, (CPF) promotes the delivery of current research, best practices and technology to people with cerebral palsy and their support system. The mission includes transforming lives through research, innovation and collaboration.
Children’s Hemiplegia and Stroke Association
Helps children who have survived an early brain injury that results in hemiplegia (weakness on one side of the body).
Make LemonAide Foundation
The Make Lemon Aide Foundation is a non-profit organization designed to improve the lives of people with cerebral palsy by raising awareness, funding research and training therapist.
Reaching For The Stars
Founded in 2005, RFTS is the largest pediatric cerebral palsy non-profit foundation in the world led by parents with a focus on the prevention, treatment and cure of cerebral palsy
United Cerebral Palsy
UCP educates, advocates and provides support services to ensure a life without limits for people with a spectrum of disabilities. UCP provides services and support to more than 176,000 children and adults through its 68 affiliates around the country.
CP Daily Living
An educational resource website and Facebook page designed to give families and caregivers a central place for practical information and resources.
Cerebral Palsy Alliance
A non-profit organization based in Australia. Provides services to help children and adults living with neurological and physical disabilities.
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
NIDS mission is to seek fundamental knowledge about the brain and nervous system and to use that knowledge to reduce the burden of neurological disorder. The website provides patient and caregiver education on cerebral palsy including an informational page.
5 common challenges for adults with cerebral palsy- Made For Movement Blog
Adults and cerebral palsy– Cerebral Palsy Organization
Adults with Cerebral Palsy- Cerebral Palsy Foundation
Aging with Cerebral Palsy and Chronic Pain– The Mighty
Care of adults with cerebral palsy-American Academy for Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine
Cerebral Palsy and aging– Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Cerebral palsy and transitioning to adulthood-Cerebral Palsy Alliance
Cerebral Palsy effects through lifespan-Physiopedia
Cerebral Palsy in Adulthood– Everyday Health
Cerebral Palsy patients provide rare insight into aging– Cerebral Palsy News Today
Cerebral palsy symptoms in Adulthood- Healthfully
Living as an adult with cerebral palsy– Healthline
Living with cerebral palsy as an adult– WebMD
Progression and Correction of Deformities in Adult with Cerebral Palsy-ACNR
The good, the bad, and the ugly facts about adult cerebral palsy-Karen Pape
Cerebral Palsy and Epilepsy– Cerebral Palsy Guidance
Cerebral Palsy and Seizures– Cerebral Palsy Guidance
Cerebral Palsy and Speech Therapy– Cerebral Palsy Group
Children with spastic cerebral palsy experience lower leg fatigue when walking study shows- Cerebral Palsy News Today
Common health problems associated with cerebral palsy- My Child Without Limits
Communication and swallowing issues for adults with cerebral palsy-EPI
Difficulties in swallowing and coughing in spastic cerebral palsy focus of study– Cerebral Palsy News Today
Digestive health tips for kids with cerebral palsy-Sarah Halstead
Gastrointestinal and nutritional issues in cerebral palsy-practicalgastro.ocom
How does cerebral palsy affect people?-Cerebral Palsy Alliance
Prevalence of cerebral palsy and intellectual disability among children- NCBI
Sleep disorders in kids with cerebral palsy often remain untreated study suggest– Cerebral Palsy News today
Sleep issues among children with cerebral palsy-CP-NET
Seizures in children with cerebral palsy and white matter injuries-Pediatrics
Understanding more about cerebral palsy and seizures– Murdoch Children’s Research Institute