Demographic Characteristics, Health Conditions, and Residential Service Use in Adults with Down Syndrome in 25 States

Introduction

The study describes the demographic characteristics and health conditions of individuals with Down syndrome living in a residential setting. The purpose of the study is to analyze health conditions, and impairments across the adult life span.

Methodology

The data was collected from the National Core Indicator Survey from 25 participating states. The sample included 1,199 individuals diagnosed with Down syndrome.

Findings

The researchers concluded the following:

  • Adults diagnosed with Down syndrome comprise of 10 percent of the population using intellectual and developmental disability services in their states.
  • Similar to people diagnosed with an intellectual and developmental disability, people with Down syndrome impairments increased as they grow older.
  • Alzheimer disease is still prevalent among people with Down syndrome.
  • Adults with Down syndrome were more likely to report being overweight. This is especially true for women.
  • People with Down syndrome are more likely to live at home with their parents than residing in a residential facility.

 

Reference

Stancliffe, R.J.; Lakin, K.C.; Larson, S.A.; Engler, J.; Taub, S.; Fortune, J.; Berkshadsky.J. (2012). Demographic Characteristics, Health Conditions, and Residential Service Use in Adults with Down Syndrome in 25 States. Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. 50(2), 92-108. DOI:1352/1934-9556:50.2.92

The Impact of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Adulthood: a Qualitative Study

Introduction

There is limited evidence of the unmet needs and experiences of adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Previous research in this area is predominately quantitative by nature. few studies employing qualitative approaches. this study seeks to provide deeper insight into the lived experiences of adults with ADHD.

Findings

  • It is important for clincians and practitioners to be aware of the perceived positive and negative effects of the disorder and how it can impact on their patents lives.
  • Further research in this area should explore patient’s attitudes toward receiving a formal diagnosis.

Reference

Watters, C.; Adamis, D.; McNicholas, F.; Garvin, B. (2017). The Impact of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Adulthood: a Qualitative Study.  Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine doi: 101017 1-7