The study describes the demographic characteristics and health conditions of individuals with Down syndrome living in a residential setting. The purpose of the study is to analyze health conditions, and impairments across the adult life span.
The data was collected from the National Core Indicator Survey from 25 participating states. The sample included 1,199 individuals diagnosed with Down syndrome.
The researchers concluded the following:
- Adults diagnosed with Down syndrome comprise of 10 percent of the population using intellectual and developmental disability services in their states.
- Similar to people diagnosed with an intellectual and developmental disability, people with Down syndrome impairments increased as they grow older.
- Alzheimer disease is still prevalent among people with Down syndrome.
- Adults with Down syndrome were more likely to report being overweight. This is especially true for women.
- People with Down syndrome are more likely to live at home with their parents than residing in a residential facility.
Stancliffe, R.J.; Lakin, K.C.; Larson, S.A.; Engler, J.; Taub, S.; Fortune, J.; Berkshadsky.J. (2012). Demographic Characteristics, Health Conditions, and Residential Service Use in Adults with Down Syndrome in 25 States. Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. 50(2), 92-108. DOI:1352/1934-9556:50.2.92