Published by: Washington Times Herald
Written by: Metro Creative Connection
Students are often told that hard work is the path to success. Individuals who have learning disabilities may have to work even harder than their peers to be successful.
The Learning Disabilities Association of America says learning disabilities occur due to neurobiological and/or genetic factors that alter the way the brain functions. This can affect one or more cognitive processes related to learning and interfere with various skills, potentially preventing a person from acquiring the same amount of knowledge as others of the same age.
There are many learning disabilities, and the following are five of the most common, according to LD Resources Foundation, Inc., a nonprofit organization that helps find solutions to those who are affected by learning disabilities.
1. Dyslexia: This learning disability can impede a person’s ability to read and comprehend text. Students may have trouble with phonemic awareness, or the way to break down words. Similar problems with phonological processing, or distinguishing between similar word sounds, can occur as well.
2. ADHD: Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder is marked by behaviors that make it difficult to pay attention and stay on task. The Masters in Special Education, a resource for finding work and study in special education concentrations, says there is debate over whether ADHD is a learning disability. But there is no denying that ADHD can impede success in school settings.
Published by: nzherald.conz
Written by: Katie Harris
Neurodiverse Kiwis contribute significant value to the workforce, but structural problems within the interview process mean many can be locked out of the job market. Katie Harris speaks to those on the ground about how to improve interviews for neurodiverse Kiwis.
“Tell me what you’re most proud of?”
For some, this may seem like a simple question to answer, but for many neurodiverse Kiwis its vagueness can throw off even the most well-prepped applicant.
This may be the result of the working memory, problem solving skills and inattentive skills all characteristics of a student with ADHD
What is Dyscalculia?
Dyscalculia is defined as a learning disability specifically in math and numbers including the inability to understand the concept of numbers and applying math principles to solve problems. The following are signs and symptoms of dyscalculia:
Difficulty in counting backwards
Difficulty in recalling facts
Slow in performing calculations
Difficulty with subtractions
Difficulty using finger counting
Difficulty with the multiplication table
Poor mental math skills
Difficulty with understanding the concept of time
May show signs of anxiety when conducting math activities
May have a poor sense of direction (i.e. north, south, east, west)
Early signs of dyscalculia include:
Delays in learning how to count
Delays in recalling facts
Difficulty with time
Displays a poor memory
May lose track when counting
Difficulty sorting items by groups include color, shape, texture and size.
Students with diagnosed with ADHD qualify for accommodations in the classroom. Here are a few suggestions:
The ADHD magazine, ADDitude suggests the following accommodations to help students with ADHD and Dyscalculia:
Allow extra time on test
Provide frequent checks for accuracy during classroom activities
List clearly numbered steps/procedures for multi-step problems
Use individual dry-erase boards
Reduce the number of problems you assign
VeryWell suggests the following accommodations for students expressing difficulties in math:
Allow the student to use desk copies of math facts such as multiplication table factsheet
Allow the use of calculations in the classroom
Provide models of sample problems and allow the students to use these models as a reference
Decrease the number of math problems
Allow the students to use graph paper rather than notebook paper
Provide the student with review summaries to help prepare for tests