Some might be surprised to learn that there are several types of learning disabilities. Dysgraphia is describes as a learning disability that affects writing, spelling and fine motor skills. Dysgraphia is a neurodevelopmental disorder that can occur as a stand alone disorder or part of a co-occurring disorder with other disabilities such as ADHD, Autism, and Dyslexia. Typically it is diagnosed or discovered in the early years when children are beginning to learn how to write. Most adults often remain undiagnosed.
Early Signs of Dysgraphia
Signs and symptoms of dysgraphia generally begin to show up when children began to lean how to write. Early signs of Dysgraphia include:
Inconsistent spacing between letters
Poor spatial planning
Unable to read own handwriting
Poor fine motor skills
Pain in hand from writing
Messy unorganized papers
Difficulty organizing thoughts on paper
Illegible printing and cursive letter formation
Tight, cramped pencil grip
Tires quickly when writing
mixes upper and lower case or irregular sizes and shapes of letters.
A early signs that rarely disappears is having a “sloppy” handwriting. The person when writing leaves out letters at the end of a sentence, difficulty reading own handwriting after meetings, trouble with filling out routine forms, displays unorganized papers on the desk, difficulty thinking and writing at the same time and tends to mixes upper and lower case letters when writing. The person will also avoid writing when possible and show a preference to using a computer or texting neatness, line spacing, staying inside margins and capitalization rules.
Strategies to Use in the Workplace
If you have a smart phone, you can use the device to record meetings, interviews or instructions that are given to you.
Assitive technology such as tablets, computers and Apps are also useful in transcribing information
Take the time to organize your desk before you leave work in the evening. Prioritize your workflow and create a plan for the next day.
Pre-write. Before you take on the task of writing, create an outline on paper.
Many of us with attention deficit disorder (ADHD or ADD) have less reliable access to our prefrontal cortex (PFC) than do neurotypical people. Life’s details are managed in the PFC. It is a calm, rational butler, directing behavior in a Siri-toned voice: “Sir, your keys are on the table.” Or, “Madam, you must leave now if you want to arrive on time.”
Those of us with ADHD can’t rely on our PFC butler for planning, short-term memory, working memory, decision-making, and impulse management. So we go to our emotional centers, in the limbic system, to remember things, make decisions, and to motivate ourselves. We use our emotions to help us to think, remember, plan, and act. Click here to read the rest of the story.
Developmental disability is a diverse group of chronic conditions that are due to mental or physical impairments before the age of 22. A developmental disability can occur before, during or after birth. Common well-known developmental disabilities include autism, Down syndrome, cerebral palsy and Fragile X syndrome. Here are some facts and statistics on developmental disabilities.
Published By: ADDitude Magazine
Written By: Neil Petersen
A newly published study has pried the lid off the mysterious phenomenon of “hyperfocus,” tying it inextricably to symptoms of attention deficit disorder (ADHD or ADD) in adults.
Though not included in the official DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for ADHD, hyperfocus is a condition familiar to many individuals with ADHD who report becoming intensely focused on activities they find rewarding or interesting.
Anecdotally, we have known that, when a person with ADHD experiences hyperfocus, his or her attention becomes laser-like. They lose track of time, and distractions fade away. Switching to other tasks becomes difficult. But from a scientific standpoint, we’ve known very little about hyperfocus, most notably whether it is truly more prevalent among people with ADHD. To read the rest of the story, click here
Dr. William Dodson, expert on ADHD issues states that it is estimated that those with ADHD receive 20,000 more negative messages by age 12 than those without the condition. This may be due to the characteristics of ADHD including:
Unable to give close attention to detail or makes careless mistakes
Struggles to follow-through on instructions
Avoids or dislikes task requiring sustained mental effort
Losing things necessary for task or activities
unorganized and messy.
Children, teens and adults with ADHD more than likely grew up hearing, “you’re lazy and can’t do anything right.” Low self-esteem develops from constant negative feedback believing they are not smart or good enough.
The following articles provide tips, resources and information on ways to build self-confidence in kids with ADHD:
Sequence is defined as a set of related events, movements, or things that follow each other in a particular order. For many children and adults with developmental delays and disabilities, the ability to arrange thoughts, information and language may be a challenge due to issues with their executive function capabilities. The following resources, tips and strategies will help you teach sequencing skills.
Published by: Spectrum
Written by: Nicholette Zeliadt
Traits linked to autism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) tend to co-occur even in adulthood, according to one of the first studies of the traits in that age group1.
The results extend support for the idea that autism and ADHD are intrinsically linked — a notion that is largely based on studies of children.
“Not much is known about the transition from later adolescence into adulthood with regard to autism and ADHD,” says lead investigator Ralf Kuja-Halkola, a statistician at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden. Click here to read the rest of the story.
From job opportunities to personal income to marital relationships, there’s hardly an area in which American women haven’t made great strides in recent decades. But when it comes to getting diagnosed with and treated for ADHD, women still have a long way to go.
ADHD in Women
Women are as likely as men to have ADHD, and the latest research suggests that ADHD in women causes even greater emotional turmoil. Yet ADHD is still thought of as something that affects only men and boys. Consequently, women with ADHD are more likely than men to go undiagnosed (or misdiagnosed), and less likely to receive appropriate treatment. Click here to read the rest of the story.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurological disorder characterized by a pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that disrupts functioning in both children and adults
Facts and Statistics
ADHD is a condition characterized by inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsivity
It is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders of childhood
It is usually diagnosed in childhood and last into adulthood
People diagnosed with ADHD may have difficulty paying attention and or controlling impulsive behavior
70% of people with ADHD in childhood will continue to have it in adolescence
50% will continue into adulthood
ADHD is not caused by watching too much, parenting or having too much sugar
ADHD may be caused by genetics, brain injury or low birth weights
Is a highly genetic, brain-based syndrome that has to do with the brain regulation in executive functioning skills
Children & Adolescents
The 2016 National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH) interviewed parents and reports the following ADHD prevalence data among children ages 2–17 (Danielson et al. 2018):
6.1 million children (9.4 percent) have ever been diagnosed with ADHD. This includes:
About 388,000 young children ages 2-5 (or 2.4 percent in this age group)
2.4 million school-age children ages 6-11 (or 9.6 percent in this age group)
3.3 million adolescents ages 12-17 (or 13.6 percent in this age group)
5.4 million children (8.4 percent) have a current diagnosis of ADHD. This includes:
About 335,000 young children ages 2-5 (or 2.1 percent in this age group)
2.2 million school-age children ages 6-11 (or 8.9 percent in this age group)
2.9 million adolescents ages 12-17 (or 11.9 percent in this age group)
Treatment used by children ages 2-7 with a current diagnosis of ADHD:
Two out three were taking medication (62 percent).
Less than half received behavioral treatment in the past year (46.7 percent).
Nearly one out of three received a combination of medication and behavioral treatment in the past year (31.7 percent).
Nearly one out of four had not received any treatment (23 percent).
Severity of ADHD among children ages 2-17:
14.5 percent had severe ADHD
43.7 percent had moderate ADHD
41.8 percent had mild ADHD
Co-occuring conditions (children ages 2-17):
Two out of three children (63.8 percent) had at least one co-occuring condition.
Half of all children (51.5 percent) had behavioral or conduct problems.
One out of three children (32.7 percent) had anxiety problems.
One out of six children (16.8 percent) had depression.
About one out of seven children (13.7 percent) had autism spectrum disorder.
About one out of 80 children (1.2 percent) had Tourette syndrome.
One in a hundred adolescents (1 percent) had a substance abuse disorder.
By race or ethnicity (children ages 2-17):
8.4 percent White
10.7 percent Black
6.6 percent Other
6.0 percent Hispanic/Latino
9.1 percent Non-Hispanic/Latino
Adults with ADHD
4.4 percent of the adult US population has ADHD, but less than 20 percent of these individuals seek help for it.
41.3% of adult ADHD cases are considered severe.
During their lifetimes, 12.9 percent of men will be diagnosed with ADHD, compared to 4.9 percent of women.
About 30 to 60 percent of patients diagnosed with ADHD in childhood continue to be affected into adulthood.
Adults with ADHD are 5 times more likely to speed
Adults with ADHD are nearly 50 percent more likely to be in a serious car crash.
Having ADHD makes you 3 times more likely to be dead by the age of 45
Anxiety disorders occur in 50 percent of adults with ADHD.
October is ADHD Awareness Month. A month designated to bring awareness and acceptance to understanding individuals diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The first studies on ADHD began to surface in 1902 when British Pediatrician, Sir George Still, described a group of children as disobedient and uninhibited. These behaviors were thought to be based on biology since many family members exhibited similar characteristics