Manual Wheelchair Safety
Motorized Wheelchair Safety
The articles below discuss wheelchair etiquette:
The articles below discuss wheelchair etiquette:
Disability etiquette and person first language- Niagara University First Responders
People first language- District of Columbia Office of Disability Rights
People first language- Texas Council of Developmental Disabilities
Using people-first language when describing people with disabilities– Very Well Family
What is person-first language and why is it important? – Laguna Shores
Identity- first language– Autistic Self-Advocacy Network
Identity first vs. person first: An important distinction– Association of Healthcare Journalist
If you work in a special education class or a day habilitation setting, more than likely you are teaching a student or an individual with complex needs including the use of a feeding tube.
February 8-12 is recognized as Feeding Tube Awareness Month which is a great opportunity to provide information on tube feeding in an educational setting. According to the Tube Feeding Awareness Foundation, there are over 300 conditions that require students and individuals to receive nutritional support through tube feeding.
A feeding tube is a device that is inserted in the stomach wall and goes directly into the stomach. It bypasses chewing and swallowing in a student or individual who no longer has the ability to safely eat or drink. This allows for students and individuals to receive adequate nutritional support.
A feeding tube is also used for students and adults who cannot take in enough food by mouth. Feeding tubes can be temporary or permanent .
The gastrostomy tube (G tube) is placed through the skin into the stomach. The stomach and the skin usually heal in 5-7 days. This type of tube is generally used in people with developmental disabilities for long term feeding.
The nasogastric (NG tube) is inserted through the nose, into the swallowing tube and into the stomach. The NG tube is typically used in the hospital to drain fluid from the stomach for short term tube feeding.
Some students and individuals with neurological and genetic conditions often require tube feeding due to gastrointestinal issues including constipation, reflux, and abnormal food-related behaviors. It For example, it is estimate that 11% of children with cerebral palsy use a feeding tube due to difficulty with eating, swallowing, and drinking.
PPD- Not Otherwise Specified
Traumatic Brain Injury
The following are articles on IEP and Accommodations:
Accommodations and supports for children with pediatric feeding disorders- Kids First Collaborative
School-based accommodations and supports– Feeding Matters
Tube feeding at school: 8 tips to prepare your child and school staff– Shield Healthcare
Signs and Symptoms of Issues related to a g-tube
Complications due to tube feeding may include:
Aspiration can be caused by:
Students should be observed for aspiration during feeding. The following are signs and symptoms of aspiration:
The following are articles on signs and symptoms of aspiration during feeding
You may be working with a child or an adult that uses an AAC communication device. Are you familiar with low-tech AAC devices?
According to Beukelman and Mirenda (2013), an estimated 1.3 percent of Americans cannot meet their daily needs communication needs using natural speech. Using low-tech AAC is one way to help children and adults with limited communication skills.
AAC or Augmentative and Alternative Communication includes various methods of communication systems including communication devices, strategies and tools that helps a person communicate their wants, needs and thoughts specifically for children and adults who have limited communication skills.
Studies show improvement in language development, literacy and communication among users including the use of picture exchange. There is also research that shows people working with an AAC are able to:
Children with developmental delays including motor, cognitive and physical limitations including children and adults with:
Communication board- based on the cognitive and physical ability of the person, it is often organized by topic
Eye gaze- used in low-tech AAC by the person looking at an object and selecting the correct item using either the communication board or booklet.
Low-Tech- basic communication aids that include pictures, letters, words, symbols, communication board or picture books that cannot be changed or altered.
The following are links tp AAC core words:
70 kids picture books to target core vocabulary AAC (Omazing Kids)
Core Word of the Week– The Center for AAC and Autism
Teaching Core Vocabulary– (Praatical AAC)
Eat, Think and Speak– a blog written for medical Speech and Language Pathologist on topics relating to swallowing, communication and cognition. Provides a blog article on free low-tech material including a wide variety of premade communication boards
Project Core– Provide free sample lesson plans focusing on talking with one word at a time to using correct grammar and word order.