Cerebral palsy is a motor disorder which results from damage to the brain occurring before, during and after birth. Cerebral palsy is the most common motor disability in childhood and it is estimated that 1 in 323 individuals have been identified with cerebral palsy.
Since cerebral palsy is the result of damage to the brain, it impacts each person differently ranging from severe to mild symptoms. It is estimated that many children with cerebral palsy also have at least one co-occurring condition. For instance, 41% had co-occurring epilepsy and 40% of children were diagnosed with an intellectual disability.
Teaching strategies should focus on assistive technology, fine and gross motor skills, and personal care. Accommodations and modifications should include providing extra time for task completion.
The following links provide information on teaching strategies.
Accommodating a student with cerebral palsy
Cerebral palsy in the classroom
How to make your classroom inclusive for students with cerebral palsy
How to teach children with cerebral palsy
Inclusive teaching strategies for students with cerebral palsy
Students with mild cerebral palsy in the classroom: Information and guidelines for teachers
What teachers should know about children with cerebral palsy
The definition of orthopedic impairment under IDEA means a severe orthopedic impairment that adversely affects a child’s education performance. Causes include:
- birth trauma
- cerebral palsy amputation
There are 3 classifications that an orthopedic impairment can fall under:
- Neuromotor impairment, this would include cerebral palsy, spinal cord injuries, spina bifida, and seizure disorders
- Degenerative Disease such as muscular dystrophy and Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome
- Musculoskeletal Disorders including scoliosis and deformed limbs.
Students with orthopedic impairments often qualify for therapy including physical and occupational therapy. assistive technology should be included for accommodating the students needs.
The following links provide resources on teaching assessment, modifications, and teaching information.
Orthopedic impairment: A guide for parents and teachers
Orthopedic impairment characteristics: Classroom modification and assistive technology
Orthopedic impairment and special needs students
Orthopedic impairment disability
Teaching strategies for mobility impaired students
Teaching strategies for orthopedic impairment
Teaching students with disabilities: Orthopedic impairment
Teaching students with orthopedic impairment
Understanding individuals with physical, health, and multiple disabilities
According to IDEA’s definition, visually impairment is defined as including blindness means an impairment in vision that, even with correction, adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The term includes both partial sight and blindness. There are 3 types of blindness including The types of vision impairments are low visual acuity, blindness, and legal blindness (which varies for each country): Low visual acuity, also known as moderate visual impairment, is a visual acuity between 20/70 and 20/400 with your best corrected vision, or a visual field of no more than 20 degrees.
The following articles and links provide resources on teaching students with visual impairments.
The following are articles that provide tips and resources on teaching students with visual impairments.
10 tips for teaching blind or visually impaired students
Classroom strategies for regular education teachers who have students with visual impairments
General tips for teaching visually impaired students
How to teach a blind or visually impaired student
Inclusion teaching: Vision impairment and blindness
Teaching languages to blind and visually impaired students
Teaching strategies for vision impaired students
Teaching the blind and visually impaired
Strategies for helping children with visual impairments to develop listening skills
Visual impairment in the classroom
The following links provide activities that can used to teach students with visual impairments.
Adapting materials for visually impaired students
Create a restaurant book with tactile symbols
Durable braille flashcards
Tips and tools for teaching beginning braille skills
This is an introduction to identifying street signs for children and young adults learning how to cross the street safely. The worksheet includes signs needed in teaching street crossing safety.
- Will match the traffic sign correctly
- Will identify the traffic sign correctly
- Will name the traffic sign correctly
Traffic sign worksheet
- Once you have printed the worksheet, cut the individual traffic signs and laminate.
- Explain each traffic sign and have the individual repeat.
- Once the signs are separated, mix them up and have the individual point to the correct ones.
- Have the individual state the traffic signs correctly and match
Traffic Signs Worksheet_ID Signs
Since President Trump’s, election, there has been a vigorous interest in politics not only in the United States but also in other countries as well. The upcoming mid-term elections provides an opportunity for adults with developmental disabilities to participate through a lesson plan created not only on the upcoming election, but also ways to get individuals more involved on topics and platforms that impact their lives.
Sadly, I have heard very little from politicians on issues concerning people with disabilities and the impact it will have on people with disabilities and their families. This affords an opportunity to have real discussion with people on issues that are important to them through a series of multisensory activities.
- Who doesn’t like a game of bingo? Download the bingo template, make as many copies as you wish and set up an activity playing Bingo. Once you call out a name. use it as an opportunity to have discussion i.e. How would you describe a conservative? When is the election held? Below, click on the template
2. The second activity includes a week-long lesson plan on election and representative in office using a multisensory approach. The first day is set up for making an apple smoothie and a trip preparation activities allowing individuals to work on their social and money management skills. I left the lesson plan editable so that you can move activities around as you wish.
Materials Needed for the lesson plan activities
Mock Voter Registration
mock voter registration
Apple Smoothie Recipe
Apple Smoothie Recipe
Caramel Apple Smoothie
Patriotic Printable Paper Chain
Free patriotic printable chain
Patriotic paper chain with needed supplies
Oh, this is also a great activity to use a home or school for students at the high school level.