Section 504 is a federal law designed to protect the rights of individuals with disabilities in programs and activities that receive Federal financial assistance from the U.S. Department of Education (Edefines a physical or mental impairment as any physiological disorder or condition, cosmetic disfigurement, or anatomical loss affecting one or more of the following body systems: neurological; musculoskeletal; special sense organs; respiratory, including speech organs; cardiovascular; reproductive; digestive; genito-urinary; hemic and lymphatic; skin; and endocrine; or any mental or psychological disorder, such as mental retardation, organic brain syndrome, emotional or mental illness, and specific learning disabilities.
Cerebral palsy is a condition caused by damage to the specific areas of the brain. Cerebral palsy refers to the brain and palsy to muscle weakness. Cerebral palsy is a syndrome of motor impairment with posture and movement disorder. It is a non-progressive disorder, however, as a person begins to age, muscle and skeletal problems begin to worsen resulting in more pain, discomfort and limited mobility. Due to muscle flexibility, strength and endurance issues, there is a greater risk of falls and injuries. The following articles includes information on understanding how aging and adulthood affect people with cerebral palsy.
5 common challenges for adults with cerebral palsy- Made For Movement Blog
Adults and cerebral palsy– Cerebral Palsy Organization
Adults with Cerebral Palsy- Cerebral Palsy Foundation
Aging with Cerebral Palsy and Chronic Pain– The Mighty
Care of adults with cerebral palsy-American Academy for Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine
Cerebral Palsy and aging– Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Cerebral palsy and transitioning to adulthood-Cerebral Palsy Alliance
Cerebral Palsy effects through lifespan-Physiopedia
Cerebral Palsy in Adulthood– Everyday Health
Cerebral Palsy patients provide rare insight into aging– Cerebral Palsy News Today
Cerebral palsy symptoms in Adulthood- Healthfully
Living as an adult with cerebral palsy– Healthline
Cerebral Palsy is defined as a group of disorders of movement and posture causing limitations due to abnormal development in the brain. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), many children and adults with cerebral palsy also had at least one co-occurring condition and in some cases more than one. for example, it is not unusual for and individual to have a diagnoses of cerebral palsy with a co-occurring condition of epilepsy and an intellectual disability and associative issues with an eating disorder.
Understanding both co-occurring conditions and associative disorders is essential in order to develop an effective teaching strategy.
associative issues include aspiration, dysphagia, digestive issues, seizures, intellectual disability, sleep disorder, and speech impairments.
The following links and articles includes information that contain research studies, articles and practical information.
Cerebral Palsy and Epilepsy– Cerebral Palsy Guidance
Cerebral Palsy and Seizures– Cerebral Palsy Guidance
Cerebral Palsy and Speech Therapy– Cerebral Palsy Group
Children with spastic cerebral palsy experience lower leg fatigue when walking study shows- Cerebral Palsy News Today
Common health problems associated with cerebral palsy- My Child Without Limits
Difficulties in swallowing and coughing in spastic cerebral palsy focus of study– Cerebral Palsy News Today
Digestive health tips for kids with cerebral palsy-Sarah Halstead
Gastrointestinal and nutritional issues in cerebral palsy-practicalgastro.ocom
How does cerebral palsy affect people?-Cerebral Palsy Alliance
Sleep disorders in kids with cerebral palsy often remain untreated study suggest– Cerebral Palsy News today
Understanding more about cerebral palsy and seizures– Murdoch Children’s Research Institute
Published by: Cerebral Palsy News Today
Written by: Jessica Grono
School violence, unfortunately, is on the minds of thousands of people. Protection of our children is extremely important, and it is imperative to find the right plan to keep everyone safe. As more schools implement drills and plans to protect children and staff, children with disabilities aren’t included in the planning. How can we, as a nation, fix this huge safety dilemma for students with disabilities? Click here to read the rest of the story
How much do you really know about cerebral palsy? Here are 25 interesting facts about cerebral palsy:
Is a group of neurological disorders that affects body movement and muscle coordination.
Is caused by damage to the brain which controls movement and balance
Affects the motor area of the brain that directs muscle movement.
The symptoms of cerebral palsy differ in type and severity in each person.
Is the leading cause of childhood disabilities.
Cerebral Palsy is not progressive meaning it does not get worse overtime.
Cerebral Palsy prevalence is 3.3 children per 1000.
There is no cure for cerebral palsy
Cerebral Palsy is not contagious
Risk factors for cerebral palsy include pre-mature birth, infections during pregnancy, exposure to toxic substances and mothers with excess protein in the urine or a history of having seizures.
Cerebral Palsy can also be caused by complicated labor and delivery due to disruption of blood and oxygen to the brain(hypoxia) and babies in a breech position (feet first).Spastic cerebral palsy is the most common type affecting 80% of people with cerebral palsy.
Ataxic cerebral palsy affects balance and depth perception
There are more boys born with cerebral palsy than girls.
Stroke in a baby or child less than the age of 3 results in cerebral palsy.
One in nine with cerebral palsy have features of autism
One in three children with cerebral palsy cannot walk
One in four children with cerebral palsy cannot feed themselves
There are 17 million people with cerebral palsy worldwide.
58.2% of children with cerebral palsy can walk independently, 11.3 walk using a hand-held mobility device and 30.6% have limited or no walking ability
Speech and language disorders are common in people with cerebral palsy
Pain is common among children with cerebral palsy
Harry Jennings, an engineer built the first modern folding wheelchair
Sir William Osler write the first book on cerebral palsy
Dr. Sigmund Freud was the first to state that cerebral palsy might be caused by abnormal development before birth.
Cerebral palsy doesn’t necessary mean learning difficulties.
Cerebral Palsy describes a group of permanent disorders of the development of movement and posture. The motor disorders of cerebral palsy are often accompanied by disturbances of sensation, perception, cognition, communication and behavior, epilepsy, and by secondary musculoskeletal problems.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), cerebral palsy is the most common motor disability in childhood caused by damage to the developing brain that affects a person’s ability to control his or her muscles. CDC estimates that about 1 in 323 children are diagnosed with cerebral palsy annual.
The following organizations provide resources on their websites including fact sheets, resources and information:
Funds cerebral palsy research in the United States, (CPF) promotes the delivery of current research, best practices and technology to people with cerebral palsy and their support system. The mission includes transforming lives through research, innovation and collaboration.
Helps children who have survived an early brain injury that results in hemiplegia (weakness on one side of the body).
The Make Lemon Aide Foundation is a non-profit organization designed to improve the lives of people with cerebral palsy by raising awareness, funding research and training therapist.
Founded in 2005, RFTS is the largest pediatric cerebral palsy non-profit foundation in the world led by parents with a focus on the prevention, treatment and cure of cerebral palsy
UCP educates, advocates and provides support services to ensure a life without limits for people with a spectrum of disabilities. UCP provides services and support to more than 176,000 children and adults through its 68 affiliates around the country.
An educational resource website and Facebook page designed to give families and caregivers a central place for practical information and resources.
A non-profit organization based in Australia. Provides services to help children and adults living with neurological and physical disabilities.
NIDS mission is to seek fundamental knowledge about the brain and nervous system and to use that knowledge to reduce the burden of neurological disorder. The website provides patient and caregiver education on cerebral palsy including an informational page.
Written by: Jessica Grono
Published By: Cerebral Palsy News Today
No matter what type of cerebral palsy a person has, it limits their independence to a certain extent. Independence is amazing, especially when you have such a limited range of freedom. Technology has improved the quality life of thousands of people who have significant disabilities. I know that each time I can do an action for myself, the feeling is indescribable. This week online, I learned of two children who have experienced the unexpected, thanks to advances in technology. Click here to read the rest of the story
Assistive technology devices are identified in the IDEA 2004 as, any item, piece of equipment or product system, whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified or customized, that is used to increase, maintain or improve the functional capabilities of children with disabilities.
Switches fall under this category which allows people with physical disabilities such as cerebral palsy to manipulate their environment by controlling various types of adaptive and assistive switches used for environmental control and communication devices.
The following are resources for assistive technology switches:
Ablenet- Helps people with disabilities through the creation of assistive technology. Ablenet provides switches for both children and adults.
Adaptive Tech Solutions– A therapist-owned and operated company which provides adaptive equipment for individuals with disabilities
eSpecial Needs– Provides adaptive switches to children and adults with physical disabilities which allows them to manipulate their environment.
Enabling Devices– Creates customized one-of-a-kind assistive technology devices for communication, education and playing.
Rehabmart– sells inclusive learning devices which help children with impairments including augmentative communication and adaptive toys
Assistive Technology Websites
Glenda Assistive Technology Information and More– A website containing information on various types of assistive technology including visual supports, AAC, switches and tablets
Teaching Learners With Multiple Special Needs- Created by Kate Ahern, an assistive technology specialist. This website serves as a resource for teachers or learners with severe, profound, or multiple special needs. There is a great article on 60 things to do with a single switch
Assistiveware- How to Support a Student Who Uses a Switch Device
Breezy Special Ed- How to use your iPAD as a switch device
Perkins School for the Blind: Favorite Cause and Affect Switch Apps
For more ideas and resources, visit my Pinterest Site: Assistive Technology
Publisher: Disability Scoop
Written by: Shaun Heasley
From clothing to utensils and computers, a new exhibit is showcasing the varied and increasing ways that today’s world is adapting to accommodate the needs of people with disabilities.
The display at the Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum dubbed “Access+Ability” includes over 70 works that highlight how design is making a broad range of experiences more inclusive.
Divided into three sections — moving, connecting and living — the exhibit features the latest in cane technology, clothing with magnets and other accessibility modifications, eye-controlled speech-generating devices and more innovations.
Click here for the rest of the story
Task boxes (also known as work boxes) are structured work systems created by Division TEACCH t the University of North Carolina Chapel Hill. This system allows the student to work independently on a task for a specific time in a supportive environment. Task boxes are now used for students with a variety of disabilities including students required pervasive levels of support.
There are 3 types of task boxes: stacking- Helps with eye-hand coordination and fine motor skills; sorting- may break activities by size, color, texture, shape and flavor and fine motor- strengthens the smaller movement in the wrists, hands and fingers.
The following sites include information on how to set up a task box system in your classroom or in your home.
How I Set Up My Task Box System ( Delightfully Dedicated)
How to Set Up An Independent Workbox (Breezy Special Ed)
How to Start a Task Box System (Autism Adventures)
Task Box Set Up- (Autism Adventures)
Websites that will give you ideas on creating task boxes, and the material needed.
Autism Classroom Workbox System (Teaching Special Thinkers)
Fine Motor Morning Work Bins (Differentiated Kindergarten)
Assembly Work Task (Autism Classroom News and Resources)
Free Math Printable Task Box for Special Education ( My Creative Inclusion)
Higher Level Academics in Task Boxes (Mrs. P’s Specialties)
How I Use Workboxes in My Classroom (Creating and Teaching)
Pre-Vocational Work Boxes (SPED Adventures)
Quick and Easy Task Box Ideas (Little Miss Kim’s Class)
Task Boxes: A Hands On Approach to Life Skills (Therablog)
Task Boxes for Autistic Children (Love to Know)
Structured Work Boxes (University of Mary Washington)
Ways to Up the Ante in Your Work Task System (The Autism Vault)
Winter Task Boxes (You Aut-aKnow)
Work Boxes in Autism Classrooms (Noodle Nook)
Work Box Task Ideas (The Autism Helper)
Work Task (Breezy Special Ed)