Published by: ADDitude
Written by: Nathaly Pesantez
Executive functioning deficits persist well into adulthood for individuals with ADHD, according to a new study1 in the Journal of Attention Disorders that affirms the clinical theory that executive dysfunction is a core symptom of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
The small Norwegian study looked at attentional processing capacities — namely pre-attentive and executive functioning — in a group of people with and without ADHD over a 23- to 25-year period. Pre-attentive processing — the basic, preliminary stage in the brain whereby auditive and visual stimuli is analyzed — is not as well understood in relation to ADHD as is executive functioning — the controlled brain processes (like working memory) that allow us to integrate information and select optimal actions — the researchers said.
These two processes, according to the researchers, exist on “contrasting ends of [the] ‘attentional processing continuum.’” Because pre-attentive processing deficits may be precursors for brain function deficits of a higher order (like executive functioning), the study aimed to “gain insight into the long-term changes in attentional capacity” for “a clearer conception of attention dysfunction in ADHD.” Click here to read the rest of the story.
From Special Needs Resource and Training blog, wishing you good health, prosperity, and best wishes in the new year and decade. Thank you for your continued support. I look forward to sharing tools, resources and information on special needs topics in the new year.
Ataxia is a rare disorder that affects both children and adults. I was quite surprise to find that very little statistics have been conducted on ataxia. this may be due to the understanding that Ataxia is not a specific disorder, rather, a condition can cause ataxia including multiple sclerosis, head trauma, cerebral palsy and infections.
Ataxia affects a child’s coordination, balance and speech while some children are born with ataxia as a result of genetics, others develop it in a progressive matter. Signs and symptoms of Acute Cerebellar Ataxia include:
- Frequent stumbling
- Impaired coordination affecting arms or legs
- Unsteady gait
- Uncontrolled eye movement
- Difficulty performing fine motor task
The following are facts and statistics on the Ataxia disorder:
- It is a degenerative disease of the nervous system
- Symptoms, often mimic being drunk in adults such as slurred speech
- Age of symptom can vary from childhood to late adulthood
- rare recessive genetic disorder
- occurs between 1 out of 40,000 and 1 out of 100,000
- The word ataxia refers to clumsiness or a loss of balance and coordination
- The ataxia gene was first identified in 1993
- Ataxia is inherited
- Ataxia is a sign of an underlying disorder
- It is caused by damage to different areas of the central nervous system
- The most common symptom in children is an unsteady gait
- In some cases, ataxia can present itself rapid while in others, it is progressive.
- The most common cause of acute ataxia in children are excessive drug ingestion and drug intoxications
- There are from 50 to 100 different types of Ataxia.
High-functioning autism is a term used for people with autism spectrum disorder without an intellectual disability, but Australian researchers say it should be abandoned because of the misleading and potentially harmful expectations it creates around the abilities of children on the autism spectrum.
Coined in the ’80s, it is now part of everyday language and has come to imply that people can function adequately, whether at school or at work, without much in the way of challenges.
For many individuals with autism spectrum disorder, this couldn’t be further from the truth, according to lead author Gail Alvares.
Alveres and her team from the Telethon Kids Institute and the University of Western Australia reviewed data for 2225 children and young people (aged 1-18) diagnosed with autism, about half of whom had intellectual disability, and half of whom did not.
They found those with an intellectual disability had functional skills which closely matched their IQ. However, those typically deemed to be high functioning due to having an average or higher IQ, had functional abilities well below what would be expected, given their IQ. Click here to read the rest of the story.
Train operator GWR is now working for their second year in providing bespoke autism awareness raising sessions for their front line staff, allowing them to be better prepared to help people living with the condition use public transport.
Looking to provide the best possible experience for all passengers, GWR is working in collaboration for a second year with UK Autism charity Anna Kennedy Online increasing autism awareness to help its staff improve in meeting the needs of those travelling with autism.
For many with an Autism spectrum condition, some of the more commonly experienced issues is increased anxiety and sometimes overwhelming sensory processing information as well as the need for structure and reassurance. Click here to read the rest of the story.