Start: January 1-January 30, 2021
January is National Birth Defects Prevention Month and is a nationwide effort to raise awareness of birth defects and the impact on families.
Birth defects can be diagnosed during pregnancy or after the baby is born. Birth defects occur when there are structural changes during the first three months of pregnancy affecting one or more parts of the body. About 1 in 33 babies (3%) are born in the United States is born with a birth defect. Birth defects are also the leading cause of infant deaths accounting for 20% of all infant deaths.
Types of birth defects include:
Cleft Lip/Cleft Palate
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) offer a digital toolkit and materials-
Birth Defects COUNT Free Materials | CDC
You can join March of Dimes TwitterChat by following@Marchofdimes
Use the hashtags on your social media #nationalbirthdefectsprevention, #birthdefects
Today is National Trisomy Awareness Day. Below are 10 important facts on Trisomy 18.
It is also known as Edwards Syndrome
It is a condition caused by an error in cell division
An extra chromosome in 18 develops
Occurs in 1 out of every 2500 pregnancies in the United States
It is 1 in 6000 live births
Only 50% of babies who are carried to term will be born alive
Children are often born with heart defects
Features include a small head, small jaw, clenched fists and severe intellectual disabilities
It is named after John Hilton Edwards, who first described the syndrome in 1960
It affects different organ systems
In keeping with celebrating Down Syndrome Awareness month, here are some additional facts on Down syndrome:
Down syndrome occurs when an individual has a full or partial extra copy of chromosome 21. This alters the course of development and causes characteristics associated with Down syndrome.
There are 3 types of Down syndrome
It is the most commonly occurring chromosome condition
1 in 691 babies are born in the United States
The incidences increases with the age of the mother due to high fertility rates in younger women.
An increased for certain medical conditions such as, congenital heart defects, respiratory, Alzheimer disease and childhood Leukemia.
Common traits include low muscle tone, small stature, upward slant in the eyes and a single deep crease across the center of the palm.
Translocation is the only type that is inherited
Is named after British Doctor John Langdon Downs the first to categorize the common features
Dr. Jerome Lejeune discovered Down syndrome is a genetic disorder
A person has 3 copies of chromosome 21 instead of 2
Is the leading cause of intellectual and developmental disabilities in the United States and the World.
38% of Americans know someone with Down syndrome
The average lifespan is 60. In 1983, it was 25.
39.4 % are in the mild intellectual disability range of 50-70.
1% are on the border
A growing number live independently
Occurs in all races and economic levels.
Some high school graduates with Down syndrome participate in post-secondary education.
In the United States, Down syndrome is the least funded major genetic condition