What is Childhood Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder?

OCD is a neurobiological condition. It is estimated that 1% to 3% of children and adolescents are affected by obsession- compulsive disorder (OCD).The DSM-IV defines OCD as persistent thoughts, impulses, or images that are experienced as inappropriate and the cause of anxiety and distress. These thoughts cause obsession as a way to ease their anxiety. Your child may perform repetitive actions such as chewing food a certain number of times, refusing to eat certain foods, separation anxiety or a need for order and perfection

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Infographic

 

 

 

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20 Facts You Should Know About Down Syndrome

In keeping with celebrating Down Syndrome Awareness month, here are some additional facts on Down syndrome:

down-syndrome-facts

  • Down syndrome occurs when an individual has a full or partial extra copy of chromosome 21. This alters the course of development and causes characteristics associated with Down syndrome.
  • There are 3 types of Down syndrome

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  • It is the most commonly occurring chromosome condition
  • 1 in 691 babies are born in the United States
  • The incidences increases with the age of the mother due to high fertility rates in younger women.
  • An increased for certain medical conditions such as, congenital heart defects, respiratory, Alzheimer disease and childhood Leukemia.
  • Common traits include low muscle tone, small stature, upward slant in the eyes and a single deep crease across the center of the palm.
  • Translocation is the only type that is inherited
  • Is named after British Doctor John Langdon Downs the first to categorize the common features
  • Dr. Jerome Lejeune discovered Down syndrome is a genetic disorder
  • A person has 3 copies of chromosome 21 instead of 2
  • Is the leading cause of intellectual and developmental disabilities in the United States and the World.
  • 38% of Americans know someone with Down syndrome
  • The average lifespan is 60. In 1983, it was 25.
  • 39.4 % are in the mild intellectual disability range of 50-70.
  • 1% are on the border
  • A growing number live independently
  • Occurs in all races and economic levels.
  • Some high school graduates with Down syndrome participate in post-secondary education.
  • In the United States, Down syndrome is the least funded major genetic condition

 

40 Facts You Should Know About ADHD

October is ADHD Awareness Month. An opportunity to have a greater understanding and awareness of ADHD. How much do you really know about ADHD? some of the fact below may surprise you.

adhdfacts

  • ADHD is a condition characterized by inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsivity
  • It is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders of childhood
  • It is usually diagnosed in childhood and last into adulthood
  • People diagnosed with ADHD may have difficulty paying attention and or controlling impulsive behavior

    adhdtable

  • People with ADHD may day-dream often
  • 70% of people with ADHD in childhood will continue to have it in adolescence
  • 50% will continue into adulthood
  • ADHD is not caused by watching too much, parenting or having too much sugar
  • ADHD may be caused by genetics, brain injury or low birth weights
  • Is a highly genetic, brain-based syndrome that has to do with the brain regulation in executive functioning skills
  • Affects people of every age, gender, IQ, religious and socio-economic background
  • In 2011, CDC reported 9.5% of children are diagnosed with ADHD
  • Boys are diagnosed 2-3 times as often as girls
  • Up to 30% of children and 25-40% of adults with ADHD have co-existing anxiety disorders.
  • Can be difficult to diagnosed
  • Children with untreated ADHD are often mislabeled as problem children
  • The average age of diagnosis is 7
  • Symptoms typically first appear between the age of 3 and 6
  • About 4% of American adults over the age of 18 deal with ADHD on a daily basis
  • 12.9 percent of men will be diagnosed
  • 4.9 percent of women will be diagnosed
  • Children living below twice the poverty level have increased risk
  • The lowest states with ADHD rates are Nevada, New Jersey, Colorado, Utah and California
  • The highest states with ADHD rates are Kentucky, Arkansas, Louisiana, Indiana, Delaware and South Carolina
  • An estimated 6.4. million American children have been diagnosed
  • ADHD is often overlooked in girls
  • The average cost of treating ADHD per person is $14,576
  • The yearly cost to Americans is 42.5 billion
  • U.K. children are less likely to be diagnosed with ADHD than U.S. children
  • Boys and girls display very different symptoms

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  • It was first mentioned in 1902. British Pediatrician Sir George Still described “an abnormal defect of moral control in children.”
  • He found that some affected children could not control their behavior the way typical children would.
  • Was originally called hyperkinetic impulse disorder
  • In 1798, Sir Alexander Crichton used to term, “mental restlessness.” to describe ADHD
  • During the 1940’s, the disorder was blamed on brain damage
  • In 1955, the FDA approved the drug Ritalin
  • In 1980, the American Psychological Association changed the name to ADD
  • In 1989, the name was changed again to ADHD
  • Sleep disorders affect people with ADHD
  • ADHD contributes to more driving citations and accidents

Autism Facts and Statistics

April is Autism Awareness Month

autismlogo

1 percent of the world population is diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder

Prevalence in the United States is estimated at 1 in 68 births

1 in 42 boys are diagnosed with autism

1 in 189 girls are diagnosed with autism

100 individuals are diagnosed everyday

More than 3.3 million Americans live with autism spectrum disorder

Autism is the fastest growing developmental disability

Autism services cost the United States citizens 236-262 billion annually

Autism costs a family $60,000 a year on an average

Boys are nearly five times more likely than girls to have autism

Autism generally appears before the age of 3

40% of children with autism do not speak

25-30% of children with autism have some words at 12 to 18 months, and then lose them.

Almost half (44%) of children with autism have average to above average intellectual ability.

Autism is reported to occur in all racial, ethnic and socioeconomic groups.

The UK estimate is 1 in 100 are diagnosed with autism

30-50% of individuals with autism also have seizures.

Autism Spectrum Disorders refers to a group of complex neurodevelopment disorders which includes repetitive patterns of behavior and difficulties with social communication, interaction, sensory processing and motor issues.

Eugene Bleuler, a Swiss psychiatrist first termed autism to adult schizophrenia.

In 1943, Leo Kanner dissociated autism from schizophrenia.

Autism is more common than childhood cancer, diabetes and AIDS combined.

Accidental drowning accounted for 91% total U.s. deaths reported in children with autism due to wandering.

 

The Self Care 12-Week Challenge (Week 1)

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Welcome to the first week of the 12-week self-care challenge for all of you caregiver’s families and professionals. This is about you taking  care of you and filling your own cup. Ready? Here we go…

Week 1 Challenge

smiling

There are many benefits to smiling including:

  • Smiling can add 7 years to your life
  • Can reduce cancer risk
  • Reduces stress
  • Lowers blood pressure and anxiety
  • helps to boost your mood
  • Raises confidence level
  • Improves memory
  • Improves blood circulation

Waking up smiling helps to start your day off right. This means by waking up with a smile on your face, you are able to lower the stress levels before the day begins. Some people may start the day, thinking about the challenges of the day, however when you begin to smile, you release serotonin which trigger happy chemicals in the brain.

How do you rewire your brain to wake up smiling in the morning?

The easiest way is to begin the night before. Instead of thinking about problems and challenges you may face in the morning, go to sleep thinking happy thoughts, as caregivers it is natural to plan the day and thinking about all of things you need to do or forgotten to do but when you start to think more about the positive achievements it makes it much more easier to wake up smiling. Another way is to think immediately when you first wake up about the people who you love. This automatically make help you to smile.

Don’t expect it to happen overnight as it takes time for a new behavior to become a habit. Give it a try to see what happens.

Resources
  1. 7 Benefits of smiling you didn’t know about– Lifehack
  2. 9 surprising reasons why you should smile more-Inspiyr
  3. 15 of the best and free health benefits of smiling-Sun Warrior News
  4. 11 surprising reasons you should smile every day-HuffPost
  5. Top 10 reasons you should smile everyday-About Health
  6. 10 hidden benefits of smiling-Psy Blog
  7. 15 fascinating facts about smiling-Pick the Brain
  8. What does your smile say about you? WebMD
  9. Try some smile therapy-Psychology Today

 

 

October is National Disability Employment Awareness Month

national disability monthNational Disability Employment Awareness is recognized each October to highlight the workforce contributions of people with disabilities.

Facts:

  • Only 20 percent of the labor force with disabilities are employed.
  • 59% of the people with hearing impairments were employed.
  • 41% of people with visual disabilities were employed.

16% of people with severe disabilities work full-time.

Check out this infographic!

disability employemnt

What can you do in your organization to recognize National Disability Employment Awareness Month?

Train frontline staff on the facts

Reach out to local media

Proactively recruit people with disabilities

Review company policies and procedures

Conduct training for supervisors on understanding their role in fostering an inclusive workplace culture

Participate in a disability mentoring day

Conduct a training on disability history.

 

CPR And AED Awareness Week- June 1-7

cprweekThis week is CPR/AED Awareness Week sponsored by the American Heart Association.
What is CPR?

CPR stands for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. It is a technique used when a person’s heartbeat and breathing has stopped. CPR combines the use of chest compressions and rescue breathing. This procedure when done correct can save a person’s life by restoring blood flow to the heart and brain.

What if You Do Not Know CPR?

The American Red Cross suggest using “hands only CPR.” this involves no mouth -to-mouth techniques and giving the person chest compressions only.

Here are some links that demonstrate the use of CPR:

CPR in three easy steps

How to perform CPR: The crucial steps you should know

CPR Steps for adults

CPR Steps for Children (1-8 years old)

If you are like me and prefer a visual demonstration, please see the clip below:

Additional Resources

AED Fact Sheet

AED- Wikipedia

American Heart Association

CPR Facts and Statistics

Hands only Infograhic

April is Child Abuse Prevention Month

Definition

Child Welfare Information Gateway
Child Help
Wikipedia
Centers for Disease and Prevention (CDC)
Medicine Net

Statistics and Facts

Child Help
Safe Horizon
Do Something Organization

 American Humane Association

Signs and Symptoms

Kids Matter
Tennyson Center for Children
Mayo Clinic
WEBMD

Preventing Child Abuse

National Child Abuse Prevention Month Resources
Prevent Child Abuse America Organization
American Psychological Association
World Health Organization

October is National Disability Employment Month

National Disability Employment Awareness is recognized each October to highlight the workforce contributions of people with disabilities.

Facts:

  • Only 20 percent of the labor force with disabilities are employed.
  • 59% of the people with hearing impairments were employed.
  • 41% of people with visual disabilities were employed.

16% of people with severe disabilities work full-time.

What can you do in your organization to recognize National Disability Employment Awareness Month?

Train frontline staff on the facts

Reach out to local media

Proactively recruit people with disabilities

Review company policies and procedures

Conduct training for supervisors on understanding their role in fostering an inclusive workplace culture

Participate in a disability mentoring day

Conduct a training on disability history.