Section 504 is a federal law designed to protect the rights of individuals with disabilities in programs and activities that receive Federal financial assistance from the U.S. Department of Education (Edefines a physical or mental impairment as any physiological disorder or condition, cosmetic disfigurement, or anatomical loss affecting one or more of the following body systems: neurological; musculoskeletal; special sense organs; respiratory, including speech organs; cardiovascular; reproductive; digestive; genito-urinary; hemic and lymphatic; skin; and endocrine; or any mental or psychological disorder, such as mental retardation, organic brain syndrome, emotional or mental illness, and specific learning disabilities.
Dyslexia is a learning disorder which makes it difficult for children and adults to read and learn new words.
Facts and Statistics
- It is estimated that 1 in 10 people have dyslexia
- Over 40 million American Adults are dyslexic – and only 2 million know it
- Dyslexia is not tied to IQ – Einstein was dyslexic and had an estimated IQ of 160
- Dyslexia in not just about getting letters or numbers mixed up or out of order
- 80% of people associate dyslexia with some form of retardation – this is not true
- Dyslexia is a language-based learning disability or disorder that includes poor word reading, word decoding, oral reading fluency and spelling
- Dyslexia occurs in people of all backgrounds and intellectual levels
- Dyslexia has nothing to do with not working hard enough
- 20% of school-aged children in the US are dyslexic
- With appropriate teaching methods, dyslexia can learn successfully
- Over 50% of NASA employees are dyslexic
- Dyslexia runs in families; parents with dyslexia are very likely to have children with dyslexia
- Dyslexics may struggle with organizational skills, planning and prioritizing, keeping time, concentrating with background noise.
About 15-20 percent of the U.S. population has a learning disability.
- 70-80% of people with poor reading skills, are likely dyslexic.
- One in five students, or 15-20% of the population, has a language based learning disability. Dyslexia is the most common of the language based learning disabilities.
- Nearly the same percentage of males and females have dyslexia.
- Nearly the same percentage of people from different ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds have dyslexia.
- Percentages of children at risk for reading failure are much higher in high poverty, language-minority populations who attend ineffective schools.
- In minority and high poverty schools, 70-80% of children have inadequate reading skills.
- According to the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 38% of all fourth grade students are “below basic” reading skills. They are at or below the 40th percentile for their age group.
- Nationwide 20% of the elementary school population is struggling with reading.
- National Center for Education statistics, 5% of all adults are “non-literate”.
- 20-25% of all adults can only read at the lowest level.
- 62% of non readers dropped out of high school.
- 80% of children with an IEP have reading difficulty and 85% of those are Dyslexic.
- 30% of children with Dyslexia also have at least a mild form of AD/HD.
October is Dyslexia Awareness Month
Dyslexia is a learning disorder characterized by difficulty in reading. Children and adults with dyslexia have normal intelligence but experience challenges with spelling, reading and writing words. There are also positive traits with dyslexia. See the infographic below:
Written by: Melinda Ayre
If your child seems to be struggling with their school work, it’s difficult for parents to know if perhaps there’s something else going on.
If your child is regularly ‘losing’ their homework, skipping words or whole sentences while reading aloud or getting into trouble regularly at school, it could be time to examine the situation further.
It’s now estimated one fifth of Australian children experience difficulty reading, writing or doing maths at their age level, and some internatio nal studies say up to 10 percent of children suffer from dyslexia, one of the most common learning disorders. Click here to read the rest of the story
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