In some cases, dyslexia and ADHD coexist. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), between 50 to 60 percent of people with ADHD also have a learning disability including dyslexia which is a language-based learning disability.
According to Learning Disability Online, Dyslexia is a language-based learning disability. Dyslexia refers to a cluster of symptoms, which result in people have difficulties in specific language skills. It affects 10% of children and there are challenges with writing and interpreting spoken language;
Signs and Symptoms:
- delays in learning the alphabet, colors and objects
- delayed vocabulary
- delayed speech
- difficulty comprehending instruction
- inability to recognize printed words and letters on printed page
- difficulty remembering the sequence of things
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)is a neurological disorder characterized by a pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that disrupts functioning in both children and adults
Signs and Symptoms
The DSM-V defines ADHD as a persistent pattern of attention and or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with functioning of development. Inattention symptoms include the following:
- often fails to give close attention to details
- often has difficulty sustaining attention in task or play activities
- often does not listen when spoken to directly
- Often does not follow through on instructions
- Often has difficulty organizing task and activities often avoids, dislikes or is reluctant to engage in task that requires sustained mental effort.
Hyperactive symptoms include:
- trouble paying attention
- excessive talking
- loud interaction with others
- frequent interventions
- may have a quick temper
Having both can be tricky to diagnose since they overlap in similarities. For example, a child may have a messy handwriting with spelling issues due to both disorders or when reading, may simply get tired of reading due to ADHD or may not understanding the reading material.
- If the child shows signs of ADHD and dyslexia disorders, an assessment should be conducted for both disorders.
- The IEP should also include support and accommodations for both disorders,
ADHD and Dyslexia– International Dyslexia Association
The Dyslexia and ADHD connection– Additude
The link between dyslexia and ADHD– Very Well Mind