In some cases, dyslexia and ADHD coexist. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), between 50 to 60 percent of people with ADHD also have a learning disability including dyslexia which is a language-based learning disability.
According to Learning Disability Online, Dyslexia is a language-based learning disability. Dyslexia refers to a cluster of symptoms, which result in people have difficulties in specific language skills. It affects 10% of children and there are challenges with writing and interpreting spoken language;
Signs and Symptoms:
- delays in learning the alphabet, colors and objects
- delayed vocabulary
- delayed speech
- difficulty comprehending instruction
- inability to recognize printed words and letters on printed page
- difficulty remembering the sequence of things
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)is a neurological disorder characterized by a pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that disrupts functioning in both children and adults
Signs and Symptoms
The DSM-V defines ADHD as a persistent pattern of attention and or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with functioning of development. Inattention symptoms include the following:
- often fails to give close attention to details
- often has difficulty sustaining attention in task or play activities
- often does not listen when spoken to directly
- Often does not follow through on instructions
- Often has difficulty organizing task and activities often avoids, dislikes or is reluctant to engage in task that requires sustained mental effort.
Hyperactive symptoms include:
- trouble paying attention
- excessive talking
- loud interaction with others
- frequent interventions
- may have a quick temper
Having both can be tricky to diagnose since they overlap in similarities. For example, a child may have a messy handwriting with spelling issues due to both disorders or when reading, may simply get tired of reading due to ADHD or may not understanding the reading material.
- If the child shows signs of ADHD and dyslexia disorders, an assessment should be conducted for both disorders.
- The IEP should also include support and accommodations for both disorders,
ADHD and Dyslexia– International Dyslexia Association
Dyslexia and ADHD: Identifying, understanding and treating reading disorders in children– Impact ADHD
My child’s Dyslexia and ADHD: How they blended together-Understood
The Dyslexia and ADHD connection– Additude
The link between dyslexia and ADHD– Very Well Mind
Two conditions, one struggle: Teaching students with ADHD and dyslexia- CHADD