Global developmental delays describes when children do not meet their developmental milestones. Generally from the age of 2 months to 5 years old. Although each child is different in their development, milestones are established in order to determine functional skills on age specific tasks.
Delays can occur in the following area:
Gross motor- Involves the use of larges muscle groups such as walking, crawling and standing. May impact children diagnosed with cerebral palsy.
Fine Motor- Small movement in the fingers used for drawing, painting, buttoning, coloring, and shoe tying.
Speech and language delay- A delay in language may be due to motor-oral problems.
Cognitive- Delays can be caused by, infections, ,metabolic, toxic, trauma, and chromosomal abnormalities (Down syndrome, Turner syndrome, etc.)
Social/Emotional Skills- Shows signs of delay in responding and interacting with other people. Common cause may be autism spectrum disorder
The following articles provide information on understanding global developmental delays:
Cerebral Palsy describes a group of permanent disorders of the development of movement and posture. The motor disorders of cerebral palsy are often accompanied by disturbances of sensation, perception, cognition, communication and behavior, epilepsy, and by secondary musculoskeletal problems.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), cerebral palsy is the most common motor disability in childhood caused by damage to the developing brain that affects a person’s ability to control his or her muscles. CDC estimates that about 1 in 323 children are diagnosed with cerebral palsy annual.
The following organizations provide resources on their websites including fact sheets, resources and information:
Funds cerebral palsy research in the United States, (CPF) promotes the delivery of current research, best practices and technology to people with cerebral palsy and their support system. The mission includes transforming lives through research, innovation and collaboration.
UCP educates, advocates and provides support services to ensure a life without limits for people with a spectrum of disabilities. UCP provides services and support to more than 176,000 children and adults through its 68 affiliates around the country.
NIDS mission is to seek fundamental knowledge about the brain and nervous system and to use that knowledge to reduce the burden of neurological disorder. The website provides patient and caregiver education on cerebral palsy including an informational page.
Childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD), also known as Heller’s Syndrome is a developmental disorder that is characterized by aggression of previously acquired skills such as language and social abilities. Symptoms include:
Lack of play
Loss of motor skills
Loss of social skills
Delay in language
The following resources provide an overview of Childhood disintegrative disorder including prevalence, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.