Published by: Dravet Syndrome News
Written by: Iqra Mumal
Families caring for patients with Dravet syndrome experience significant emotional, social, and financial impact, according to a multinational study.
This study also found that directs costs from non-seizure-related healthcare use are four times higher than costs directly linked to seizures. High seizure burden was associated with higher healthcare costs as well.
The study, “Caregiver impact and health service use in high and low severity Dravet syndrome: A multinational cohort study,” was published in Seizure: European Journal of Epilepsy.
Symptoms of Dravet syndrome typically appear in the first year of a child’s life. Along with epilepsy, it is associated with a range of developmental and cognitive issues, behavioral disorders, and mobility problems.
While the impact of Dravet on families has not been widely studied, a recent survey has reported that caregivers of Dravet patients contend with a variety of concerns other than seizures, such as the disease’s impact on siblings and issues related to patients’ cognitive impairment.
In 2016, researchers conducted a large multinational online survey called the DS caregiver survey (DISCUSS), which was designed to further understand the clinical, economic, and humanistic burden of Dravet syndrome.
The survey included 584 caregivers of Dravet patients (83% pediatric; 17% adult), of whom more than 90% lived in Europe. The patients’ quality of life was very low, and Dravet patients who had a high seizure frequency had more coexisting conditions reported more emergency treatments, and had a lower quality of life than those who experienced fewer seizures.
To further investigate the financial factors associated with Dravet syndrome, researchers used data from the DISCUSS study to estimate the mean annual direct costs per patient for seizure-related and non-seizure-related healthcare and caregiver out-of-pocket costs in five European countries including France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the U.K.
The annual direct per patient cost for Dravet in these five countries was $15,885 ($9,783 when excluding anti-epileptic medications). This figure consists of $7,957 for treatment of seizure-related symptoms ($1,854 when excluding anti-epileptic therapies) and $7,929 for treatment of non-seizure-related symptoms.
Drivers of total direct costs were anti-epileptic drugs (38%) and non-seizure-related therapies (50%). When researchers excluded costs associated with anti-epileptic drugs, treatment for non-seizure-related symptoms contributed to 81% of direct healthcare costs. As a comparison, in a general pediatric population with epilepsy, treatments for non-seizure-related symptoms make up only 9.1% of total direct costs.
These treatments included physiotherapy, speech and behavioral therapy, and therapies for learning difficulties, autism/autistic-like symptoms, and attention deficit disorder.
Among these, physiotherapy and speech therapy made up most (79%) of the non-seizure-related costs. Click here to read the rest of the story.