A 10-year-old boy named James has an outburst in school. Upset by something a classmate says to him, he pushes the other boy, and a shoving-match ensues. When the teacher steps in to break it up, James goes ballistic, throwing papers and books around the classroom and bolting out of the room and down the hall. He is finally contained in the vice principal’s office, where staff members try to calm him down. Instead, he kicks the vice principal in a frenzied effort to escape. The staff calls 911, and James ends up in the Emergency Room. Click here for the rest of the story
I recently helped a friend with her niece, who had just been diagnosed with Borderline Personality Disorder. My friend strongly felt that this diagnosis was wrong, and after reading more about my symptoms and experiences with ASD believed that her niece “Anne” (name changed) was actually Autistic. The symptoms were all there – social issues, […]
Firstly, the title is for effect. I’m not a big fan of the term ‘Autism Mum’ and only use it when it’s the only succinct way to describe what I’m talking about. I don’t mind other people using it, I just try not to use it myself. I’m just a mum. I have a child […]
Hi everyone how is your day? For many of you, I know nobody want to admit he/she is discriminating people with disability, because some people did not realise that their behaviours can be called indirect discrimination; others who discriminate directly actually know it goes against and destroys the moral, which becomes a trend of weakness […]
I saw The Accountant starring Ben Affleck today and I must say that it is one of the most relatable films I have seen in recent years. The reason for this is because Ben Affleck plays someone who has high-functioning autism. As someone who has lived with autism all his life and serves as an […]
Journal: Knots: An Undergraduate Journal of Disability Studies Submissions Due: 1st January 2017 Description: The Equity Studies program (at New College, University of Toronto) invites submissions for the next issue of Knots: An Undergraduate Journal of Disability Studies. Knots is a peer-reviewed journal that highlights high-calibre work by undergraduate students, and undergraduate alumni*, which moves […]
Source: Today’s Parents
After Jonathan Barksdale lost his job as a bagger at Pathmark when the grocery store chain went bankrupt last November, he spent months getting rejected from a dozen other stores, one after another.
His mother, Dorina, remembered managers telling her the 25-year-old’s Asperger’s syndrome made him too risky to hire. Click here to read the rest of the story
Down Syndrome is a chromosomal disorder caused by an extra cell division that results in an extra 21st chromosome. This causes developmental delays both intellectually and physically.
The disorder is named after John Langdon Down, a British physician who was the first to describe the syndrome in 1866. The disorder was later identified by Jerome LeJeune in 1959 as a condition associated by the chromosome structure. Down syndrome is the most common chromosome disorder. Each year, about 6,000 babies are born with Down syndrome. An estimate of 1 in 700 babies born. The life expectancy of people with Down syndrome increased between 1960 and 2007. In 1960, an average person with Down syndrome lived to be 10 years old compared to 2007 with people with Down syndrome living to 47 years of age.
Often, people born with Down syndrome may develop health issues and a cognitive development ranging from mild to severe. There is often a speech delay and children may lag behind with fine and gross motor skills. Physical characteristics may include a flat nasal bridge, single, deep creases across the center of the palm, protruding tongue, large space between the large and second toe, low muscle tone, almond shape to the eyes. Health issues may include, congenital heart defects, gastroesophageal reflux disease, sleep apnea and thyroid dysfunctions
There is an extra copy of chromosome 21 in every cell. This is the most common form of Down syndrome. It represents 94% of all cases of Down syndrome.
Mosaic Down Syndrome represents 2 to 4% of all cases of people with Down Syndrome. This occurs when a person has a certain percentage of translocation cells with the remaining cells unaffected. meaning people with mosaic down syndrome have a certain percentage of cells with the extra 21 chromosome. The physical characteristics of mosaic down syndrome vary from having similar characteristics of a person with down syndrome to almost none.
It is caused by rearranged chromosome material that may be attached to the other 14 chromosomes. It can be cased by extra genes in the egg or sperm of one of the parents. About 3-5% of all cases are translocation.
The following sites include information on causes, symptoms and definition:
Band of Angels: http://www.bandofangels.com/-
Established in 1994, Band of Angels provides support for individuals with Down Syndrome and their families. The website offers links on Down Syndrome support groups and a litany of topics including, adoption, autism and education.
Down Syndrome International https://www.ds-int.org/
A U.K. based international organization comprising a membership of individuals and organizations from all over the world. Disseminates information on Down Syndrome including prenatal diagnosis, early intervention, education, medical, health, employment, aging and human rights. Down Syndrome International also promoted World Down Syndrome Day (March 21) as a day dedicated to people with Down Syndrome.
Global Down Syndrome http://www.globaldownsyndrome.org/
Provides fundraising, education and governmental advocacy for the Linda Crnic Institute for Down Syndrome. Resources available on the website include, information on research, medical care and facts on Down Syndrome.
International Down Syndrome Coalition: http://theidsc.org/
Dedicated to helping and advocating for individuals with Down syndrome from conception and throughout life. Offers support to parents who are new to the Down syndrome diagnosis by connecting parents to each other.
National Association for Down Syndrome http://www.nads.org/
NADS is the oldest organization in the United States serving individuals with Down syndrome and their families. Also provides families with information and resources that will enable them to access appropriate services and educates the public about Down syndrome.
National Down Syndrome Congress http://www.ndsccenter.org/
The purpose of the NDSC is to promote the interests of people with Down syndrome and their families through advocacy, public awareness, and information. When we empower individuals and families from all demographic backgrounds, we reshape the way people understand and experience Down syndrome.
National Down Syndrome Society http://www.ndss.org/
NDSS provides resources to new and expectant parents and offers a toll-free helpline and email services. NDSS also focuses on transitions , wellness and education
Top Books on Down Syndrome for Parents and Professionals
Dysgraphia is a learning disability disorder that may affect handwriting, spelling and the ability to put thoughts onto paper.
May be part of the following diagnosis:
- Sequencing Problems
- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
- Visual process weakness
- An awkward pencil grip
- Difficulty organizing thoughts on paper
- Unable to finish words on paper
- May become tired quickly from writing
- Lack of punctuation and capitalization
- Avoids writing
The following resources include information on causes, symptoms and treatment:
Articles Relating to Dysgraphia
Meares-Irlen Syndrome is a perceptual processing disorder and a form of visual stress which leads to difficulty in reading. 50 percent of people with dyslexia are affected. This also impacts people with migraines and epilepsy.
Other Known Names
- Irlen Symptom
- Visual Stress
- Scotopic Sensitivity Syndrome
- Eye strain
- Poor depth-perception
- Discomfort in presence of fluorescent lighting
- Discomfort with busy patterns
- Writing problems
- reading Difficulty
- Attention and Concentration Limitations
When reading, words may appear to:
- Jump off the page
- Spin and move around
What Meares-Irlen Syndrome Looks Like
Helping a Child with Meares-Irlen Syndrome
According to Helen Irlen, founder of the Irlen method, the following techniques should be used in helping a children diagnosed with Meares-Irlen Syndrome:
- Copy tests, handouts, and assignments on colored paper or recycled paper.
- Do written work on colored notebook paper.
- Place reading material on angle or use a bookstand to reduce glare.
- Allow students to sit near a window or indirect lighting.
- Allow students to use a finger or marker.
- Use graph paper for math.
- Write in columns on the board.
- Use gray or brown erase boards and avoid white boards.
- Use a colored overlay on the overhead projector.
- Xerox tests on colored paper.
- Let your child work in a dimly lit room.
- Allow the child to do work near a window or indirect natural lighting.
- Have the child wear a hat when outside or in stores.
- Change the background color of the computer screen.
- Use Irlen colored overlays for reading and the same colored paper for assignments.
- Let the child watch TV in a dimly lit room.
- Avoid using bright colors, stripes, and patterns on the walls, floors, or furniture.